hi INDiA Copyright 2020
As compared to the other members of the LGBTQ+ community, people of the transgender community have it harder in India.
Starting from being denied basic healthcare amenities, and housing, to being denied education and government jobs, people of the transgender community have faced endless trials and tribulations.
This is where our elected governments should come in, ideally. Over the years, some state governments have stepped up and introduced legislation and policies that made their lives easier, in a very proactive manner. Other states, well, not so much.
Here are 6 instances where state governments have stepped up and introduced initiatives, that have helped the Transgender community, massively:
1. Assam Allowing Trans People To Register For Civil Service Exam
Back in October 2020, the state government of Assam added ‘transgender’ as an option in the gender category for their state civil service examination forms. This made them the first Indian state to do so.
This means that people from the community in the state can now get recruited as state police officers and as other different civil servants.
2. Odisha Police To Now Recruit Transgenders, Issue Application
The Odisha Police recently announced that they would too will start recruiting transgender people for posts such as sub-inspectors and constables.
Furthermore, they have invited applications for the same.
3. Tamil Nadu & Kerala To Pay For Trans People’s Gender Reassignment Surgeries
In 2018, Kerala became the second state after Tamil Nadu to offer financial aid to Trans People, who chose to go for reassignment surgery.
Both the state governments offered up to Rs 2 Lakhs for the surgery, and some other costs for therapy sessions to adjust to life after reassignment.
Tamil Nadu was also one of the first states to have a Transgender Welfare Board, which was established way back in 2008.
4. Pension Scheme & Other Social Security – Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh & Andhra Pradesh
Over the years, some states have introduced several social security and pension schemes for people of the Transgender community.
Although this isn’t exactly a solution, it has been noticed that states which have some form of a welfare board or social security program, start paying attention to issues such as education and jobs.
5. Dedicated Medical Boards & Sub-Committees For Trans People By Himachal Pradesh
Healthcare, in particular, has been one area where trans people have faced some of the most biases, mainly because of administrative issues, not medical ones. This is particularly bad in government-run hospitals.
Back in 2016, Himachal Pradesh’s state government established dedicated Medical Boards & Sub-Committees, who were tasked with ensuring that the issues trans people have to deal with in getting adequate medical care, is dealt with urgently.
6. Maharashtra’s Transgender Welfare Board & Their Focus On Education
Then, there’s Maharashtra’s Transgender Welfare Board, which was set up in 2019. Apart from conducting health programmes and providing education and employment opportunities to transgender people, the board also facilitates students in the state, who wish to apply for scholarships.
They also have numerous welfare programmes, which aim to make it easier for trans people to avail government schemes and benefits, in a timely manner.
The Bottom Line…
While these states may already have robust systems in place to make lives easier for trans people, it is not enough, and a whole lot more needs to be done.
Reservation in educational institutions, government jobs are just a few of the things that are being deliberated. Other states seriously need to pull their socks up.
Most of them have only declared their intent to implement policies and measures that would help bring trans people for problems specific to them. Some, have not taken any actions, or haven’t made any such declarations at all.